Medical abortion is a pregnancy interrupt through drugs. For medication abortion uses mifprovon and misoprostol. With the help of tablets, you can interrupt the pregnancy for up to 63 days (from the first day of the last menstruation). Medical abortion is considered safe and efficient. But is it?
The benefits of drug abortion can be attributed to the following. It is considered a safer pregnancy interrupt. Efficiency reaches 95% when abortion of pregnancy up to 63 days. Narcosis is not used, there are no instrumental interventions in the uterus cavity.
Nevertheless, the consequences of a drug abortion, like any other way of artificial abortion, can be quite serious. First of all, they are associated with drugs themselves. Their composition includes synthetic steroid hormones that block the production of progesterone and increase the contractile ability of the uterus, which leads to the ejection of the fruit egg, that is, the development of an abortion, thereby providing a negative impact on the endocrine system of the female organism.
The fact is that from the very beginning, pregnancy causes serious changes, restructuring in many organ systems, primarily in central regulatory systems - nervous and endocrine (hormonal). A close functional connection between the mother organism and the embryo appears from the very moment of fertilization. Even before the introduction of a fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus on the development of the embryo, hormones are influenced: estrogens, progesterone, prostaglandins and other, biologically active substances. They also prepare the inner layer of the uterus - endometrium - to implantation of the embryo.
Under the influence of hormones and biologically active substances, gradual restructuring begins throughout the body of the future mother, especially expressed in the so-called hormonally dependent organs: dairy glasses, ovaries, uterus, outdoor genital organs. Any external intervention leading to the interruption of pregnancy is the cause of a sharp hormonal breakdown in the body of a woman.
As a result, after transferring a medical abortion, the body is subjected to significant hormonal changes. As a result, there is a violation of the menstrual cycle, when monthly or becomes scarce, rare or abundant or come more often than usual. Perhaps both complete cessation of menstruation and the development of uterine bleeding. This phenomenon is observed in 10-12% of women who have taken an abortion.
Mizoprostol is a drug that, when used inward, causes a reduction in the smooth muscles of the uterus. The drug contributes to the expression of a fruit egg from the uterus, which ultimately leads to an artificial interruption of pregnancy. To increase the effectiveness of this process, the mifprovon is also used.
Reduction muscles occurs on average after 20-30 minutes after receiving a misoprostolatry. Usually this process is accompanied by pulling pains at the bottom of the abdomen, similar to pain during menstruation. At about the same time, bleeding begins, but more abundantly than with ordinary menstruation. Their intensity depends on the anatomical features of the body.
The duration of the drug varies from 1 to 2 hours. Most women are about 80% - the interruption of pregnancy occurs within 6-8 hours after receiving Mizoprostol. Another 10% of women, the final drug interruption occurs within a week after admission.
14 days after receiving Mizoprostol, you must re-visit the doctor to confirm the abortion. It is necessary to refer to the doctor earlier if there are no bloody secretions 3 hours after receiving mizoprostol, or they are scarce. Approximately 2% of cases, the drug does not lead to a complete cessation of pregnancy, and it may take another dose of misoprostol or carrying out vacuum aspiration.
Spontaneous miscarriage - non-induced embryo or fetus death or outlet of the uterine of the concept of concept up to 20 weeks of gestation. Grinding abortion is a vaginal bleeding without disclosing the cervical neck, occurring during this period of time, and indicating the possibility of spontaneous abortion in a woman with a viable fruit confirmed by intrauterine pregnancy. Jeaghnas establish clinical criteria and ultrasound data. The current, as a rule, is to observe or, with a considerable or inevitable miscarriage, in the observation or removal of a fetal egg or its residues.
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1. Introduction 2. Medical abortion: technical issues 2.. Preparations used to perform medication abortion 2.. Safety, efficient
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