Mass accumulation of gases in the area of the intestinal tract is called meteorism. Pathological deviation occurs with active gas formation or insufficiently eliminating them from the gastrointestinal tract. In a healthy body, their number is associated with age features, food habits and lifestyle.
The bloating is very frequent and very unpleasant symptom, which makes a person suffer even more than from abdominal pain. The bloating belongs to the gas-associated symptoms. The feeling of excessive gas in the gastrointestinal tract (GTS) is most often associated with an increased voltage of the wall of the hollow organ and may be a consequence of both actual excess formation (and / or disruption of gases from the gastrointestinal) and the result of high visceral sensitivity.
The subjective feeling of the octuary (enters the symptom complex of the meteorism syndrome) is usually accompanied by painful objective manifestations: an increase in the circumference of the abdomen, loud yring (borboorigms), a sudden exhalation of gases through the mouth (belching), accompanied by specific sound manifestations, uncontrolled selection Durger smelling gases (flatue). All these symptoms cause psychological discomfort, a feeling of shame and guilt, negatively affect mental status, leading to concern, anxiety, depression, phobic moods. If the blown of the abdomen and the problems associated with him acquire a persistent nature, the usual way of life of a person, family and social relationships are violated, the quality of life is reduced, the ranges of social and behavioral activity are sore. As a rule, gas-associated symptoms are exacerbated during periods of psycho-emotional voltage, when changing climatic and temporary belts, changing the nature of nutrition.
The symptom of the abdomen does not have an age framework and refers to the number of the most common, more than 85% of patients with gastroenterological profile are observed . Among patients with a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract (FRCT), the scrawl is noted about 24-97% of patients and, moreover, it often occurs in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), diseases of the pancreas and gallbladder, premenstrual syndrome, intestinal motility disorders . Patients suffering from irritable intestinal syndrome (CRC) with a bloating of the abdomen, more often turn to the doctor, and the influence of their diseases on the quality of life is more pronounced than the influence of the SRC without bloating .
The bloating occasionally occurs almost all people and, as a rule, is clearly connected with the features of nutrition, i.e. the use of products with high gaseous potential. Thus, according to the results of a population study conducted in our country among a practically healthy contingent of respondents, it was established that in the last week there were signs of meteorism - 28%, in the last month - 44%, in the last year - 62% of respondents .
The prevalence of the functional bloating in adults in the United States ranges from 6% to 31%, on average, the total estimate of the prevalence is 15.9%, in women more often (19.2%) than in men (10, 5%) .
In the new edition of the Roman criteria IV, the functional abdominal bloating / tensile abdomen is still part of a large group of functional gastrointestinal tract disorders of the CNS (Table 1) and is considered as a diagnosis of PER SE in patients who do not respond Roman criteria within the framework of other FRCT, although the possibility of light abdominal pain, and / or minimal defecation disorders is allowed.
Experts of the Roman criteria IV functional abdominal bloating and stretching of the abdomen offer to unite into one concept, although it is emphasized that these symptoms may be observed isolated, not correlate between themselves and have different pathophysiological development mechanisms .
Functional bloating differs from other cases of stretching the abdomen with its daily rhythm: in typical cases, it increases after meals (usually after using certain, so-called problem products) and is reduced during the day and disappears at night. Problem foods include sugar, or rather oligo and polysaccharides, which are unchanged in a thick intestine, where they are fermented by fermentation and proteolytic microorganisms. This process is accompanied by gas release. Excessive perception of intestinal gases forms symptoms of the disease .
To key moments in the conceptual understanding of the pathogenesis of functional abdominal bloat / stretching include visceral hypersensitivity, gas formation in the colon and change of motorcycle gastroincing. Mechanisms associated with visceral hypersensitivity are spurred by the wary of the expected unpleasant events. In the disregulation of the axis of the "brain - intestine", the genetic predisposition, the factors of the external environment, chronic stress, intestinal microflora disorders .
Currently, visceral hypersensitivity, hyperticulated fermentation, excess bacterial growth in the small intestine and change in the metabolic potential of the microbiota of the colon, violation of intestinal transit and rectal gas evacuation , are considered as the main causes of functional fiction.
I decided to do yoga for pregnant houses, t. Next to the house there is no fitness clubs and is limited in time. Girls who did yoga during pregnancy and
What pregnancy tests are and how they work. After how many days after ovulation, sexual intercourse, conception or delay of menstruation, you can make a test check. How to determine the text pregnant you or not?
After how many days after the intended conception, the test will show pregnancy? Making home analysis is needed on the day of delay, electronic devices give the result 5 days before delay.
Pregnancy and sex - what will the doctor advise? What time of pregnancy sex is prohibited? Safe poses for sex during pregnancy.
If the body is dehydrated, which happens when a lack of liquid, intense sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, puffiness urine smells to ammonia.
What to do with constipation in pregnant women? The methods of treatment of constipation in pregnant women will tell you experienced homeopaths in this article.
Pagons after childbirth: causes, types. How long can constipation stop after childbirth. Food rules for constipation. Safe status correction methods.
Instructions for the use of the preparation of bifiform capsules: dosages, side effects, contraindications, analogues, the conditions of leave from pharmacies.
The defeat of the sedlication nerve is one of the common types of neuropathy. Most often, people suffer from this 25-60 years old, and it may not only be ...
Signs of inflammation of the sciatic nerve, why is this disease arise? How to protect yourself and what is the treatment of inflammation CH?
For which the cervical sewing is prescribed during pregnancy. Methods of carrying the cervix in pregnancy. Contraindications and complications.
Types of benefits and list of documents.
Polyclinic №1 Cities Karaganda
Pregnancy is the most exciting period in the life of a woman. At this time, it is necessary to treat your health with particular seriousness and take care of yourself. But what to do if a woman is diagnosed with a gall-eyed disease?