During pregnancy, the belly is growing due to the development of the child, the growth of the uterus and an increase in the volume of spindlewater waters. At the very beginning of pregnancy (about the 12th week) the size of the belly in future mothers does not change, since the growing uterus does not reach the edge of the pubic. But since the 2nd Trimester, the uterus gradually rises to the navel, the stomach of women begins to round, and the surrounding notice changes in its condition.
Throughout the entire pregnancy, the circumference and shape of the belly Women change in accordance with the changes in the size of the child, the uterus and the volume of amnitic waters as follows.
An integral procedure that a gynecologist is performed when visiting a woman consultation during pregnancy, serves as a measurement of the height of the uterus. Under such a term, obstetrics involve the distance from the pubic to the highest point of the eleven body serving the front over the small pelvis.
The stomach becomes well noticeable at 20 weeks in patients, who up to this point was quite small. It gradually increase and becomes a certain form. The specialist records changes with each visit to the consultation.
The doctor compares the results with earlier research, evaluates the dynamics and on the basis of the indicators received concludes about pregnancy and the development of the fetus. Using such a manipulation, it is possible to determine the lowest one or a multi-way, as well as the approximate weight of the child.
The measurement of VMS is considered a procedure that the gynecologist performs with each coming of a pregnant woman in a consultation. Based on the results obtained, it is possible to diagnose the delay of intrauterine development at an early stage.
Women from the second trimester, with an examination, the gynecologist estimates where the bottom of the uterus is located. At week 16, it is located between the navel area and the pubic zone. When measuring IT, it is clear that the cavity itself is located on two fingers below the navel and the stomach grows to a large size.
On 24 week, the uterus is noted at the navel level, and on the 28th it rises above it for 2-3 fingers. On the 32 week, the EMD of the Children's Organ is in the middle of a bunch and a sword-shaped process. On the 36th, this indicator reaches the highest level, that is, a sword-shaped process.
Usually a sharp increase in the volume of the abdomen happens on the 16th obstetric week, it is from this period that the abdomen is measured during pregnancy. An earlier examination does not make sense, since until this time the magnified uterus does not move the front abdominal wall forward.
On average, the circumference of the abdomen during pregnancy increases by 2-3 centimeters every 2 weeks of gestational period, respectively, 1-1. 5 centimeters for 7 days. Normally, in the absence of an over-developed subcutaneous fatty fiber, during the examination on the period of 16 weeks, the abdomen is 70-75 centimeters. It follows from this that the abdomen circumference at the 27th week of pregnancy should be 81-86 centimeters.
You can not ignore the planned measurements of the volume of the abdomen and the height of the bottom of the uterus, as changes in one direction or that direction allow you to suspect the pathology on time and appoint additional examinations.
Normocency women's abdominal circle at 32 pregnancy should approach the mark of 90 centimeters, and by the time of birth to reach 95-100 centimeters. However, the results of this measurement are sufficiently subjective and depend on the figure and the physique before the conception of the child. Therefore, the tracking of the dynamics of the increase in abdomen should be tracking, which should evenly grow all the pregnancy.
The abdominal circle during pregnancy is an important method of surveying the future mother. This measurement allows you to judge the intrauterine growth of the future child, suspect multiple pregnancy or pathology. Usually, the study of the size of the abdomen circle is carried out simultaneously with the determination of the height of the bottom of the uterus, which is gradually and naturally increased in accordance with the gestational period.
If the pregnancy proceeds without complications, the abdomen of the abdomen depends on the growth of the fetus. The gynecologist begins to measure the stomach in a pregnant woman from the beginning of the second half of pregnancy, from 20 weeks. The measurement results will help identify various pathologies in the development of the fetus.
In the early periods of pregnancy, the development of ectopic pregnancy can be suspected of changes in the growth of belly. In the later dates, too small an increase in the circumference of a pregnant tummy can say about the development of the hypotrophy of the fetus or the occurrence of a lowland. Too big belly during pregnancy may indicate multi-coded pregnancy or that the baby grows very large in volume. In any case, the formulation of a diagnosis can be confirmed by ultrasound.
Women's doctor when measuring the growth of belly uses two parameters: the abdominal circle and the height of the uterus. And the height of the bottom of the uterus clearly suggests how many weeks of your pregnancy.
The pregnancy of a woman for her relatives is visible immediately and reveals quite easily. One shining happy face of a woman is not at all difficult about it to guess. Naturally, not only a person can tell about the coming pregnancy. The most visible and obvious feature is the change in the size and shape of the tummy. The modification of the tummy occurs around the beginning of the second trimester. With a "interesting situation", the woman's belly becomes an object of close attention and performs many pleasant features. This is for the Women's most joy, and for the baby housing.
During the pregnancy period, this authority is the center of the main events. It is exposed to a mass of different procedures. It will sue, listen, evaluate and measured. Since the most exciting moment of conception, your stomach will continuously increase: gradually, smoothly, sometimes jumps. This contributes to the natural processes occurring in the body of a woman. It will increase in the sizes of the uterus, the fruit, the amount of amniotic fluid grow.
Note that up to 12-14 weeks, the tummy remains almost inconspicuous, and the woman's uterus can be compared with a big orange. But further increase in the uterus will lead to an increase in the circumference of the abdomen.
For your attending physician, the environment of the abdomen will be very informative and indicative. Indeed, in general, the developing pregnancy is really judged by the abdomen in different stages of pregnancy. For example, it is possible to determine the weight of the kid, which is calculated according to the following formula: the abdominal circle (cm) x Iddm (cm) = mass of the fetus (g). In this case, the standing height of the bottom of the uterus corresponding to the weeks of pregnancy. For example, approximately 20 cm for 20 weeks.
Here it is true, it is necessary to correctly produce measurements. A woman for measuring this indicator should set up on a solid smooth surface in the position lying on the back, pull the legs along the length and relax. The abdomen circle is measured at the level of lumbar deflection and navel, while the bladder must be empty. According to physicians, with a similar calculation method, the error is 150-200. The truth is, as it turns out, the error is approaching the figure of 1 kg, and sometimes more, but why there is no intelligible explanation from the doctors.
The abdomen's circumference in the last days of pregnancy reaches 100 cm. Of course, these are only approximate approximate norms and in each case a little different. After all, we are with individual features. But, nevertheless, the abdomen circumference must correspond to the lap. You can give exemplary indicators of the abdominal circumference rate, according to weeks of pregnancy. For example, at 32 week, the abdomen circle will be approximately 85-90 cm, at week 36 - 90 - 95 cm, and already for 40 weeks - it will reach its maximum, namely 95-100 cm.
The sign of the lowland or lag behind the growth of the fetus is the fact if the abdominal circle is less expected. Oh, too large fruit, misconception, obesity, chorionepithelomes (tumor development) indicate increased indicators of the circumference of the abdomen. It should be noted that the listed deviations are dangerous for women and the fetus and need mandatory correction. Alone to do any conclusions, and even more so, to assign treatment yourself - it is unacceptable. The survey, correction and treatment should make exclusively your attending physician.
And, I want to dispel the myth in which it is argued that the size of the abdomen depends on. In fact, sometimes the opposite occurs. A woman with a large circle is born and small, and medium, and large kids are born. At the same time, with a small circle - quite compounds are often born. Your equipment, the position of the fetus in the womb, the tendency of mommy to completeness - are also factors affecting the circumference of the abdomen.
Screening is an inspection of all without exception in pregnant women during certain time. These studies are held primarily in order to identify whether there are no malformations from the fetus. During the survey, the fruit is measured, determine whether the size of the fetus corresponds to the estimated period of pregnancy, inspect the uterus, placenta. Such screening studies are made 3-4 times during pregnancy: in 10-14 weeks, in 20-22 weeks, in 32-36 weeks (according to the protocol, this ultrasound is not obligatory).
Selective studies are carried out in suspected any disadvantage or complication. Since the need for such studies is dictated by suspicion of pathology, their number is not limited. In some cases, the ultrasound is produced 2-3 times a week.
During the first study, it is determined where the fruit is located, eliminating the ectopic arrangement of the fetal egg. Later determines the position of the fetus in the uterus - the head or pelvic.
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