Malignant tumors of the mammary glands - the second prevalence view of neoplasia diagnosed in pregnant women. Their occurrence is 1: 3,000 - 1:10,000 gestations. The average age of women who are diagnosed associated with pregnancy is 33 years old. Up to 82% of patients identify neoplasm independently in the first trimester, while almost 3/4 cases are diagnosed lateral stages of neoplasia with a tumor sizes from 6 to 15 cm, and each fifth pregnant woman detects in the internal organs. Due to the late diagnosis of the disease, the delay in the start of treatment on average is 2-3.5 months.
The etiology of malignant neoplasias in gestation is the same as that of non-remote women. In 5-10% of cases, cancer development was due to inherited mutation of BRCA1 / BRCA2 genes. In the remaining patients, the neoplasm occurs against the background of the dormricial states, the effects of adverse environmental factors (mutagenic chemicals, radiation, etc.), insufficiency of immunity. As a rule, tumors detected in breast glands of pregnant women occur before conception, but their growth can accelerate against the background of physiological gestational changes. According to specialists in spheres, specific provoking factors of rapid oncogenesis during pregnancy are:
The likely mechanism for the development of breast cancer in pregnant women is based on stimulating the growth of transformed cells with estrogen and progesterone. Enhanced estrogenic effect induces synthesis of growth factors, under the influence of which the epithelial cells of the informs are proliferating, including a malignant tumor. At the same time, cell apoptosis is inhibited, due to the induced transcription of the growth factor of the vascular endothelium begins, pathological neovascularization begins.
Milk iron consists of 15-20 glands, connected by the "frame" and adipose tissue. During puberty in girls under the influence of hormones, breast growth and the development of poles occurs. This process ends approximately 20 years when the breast acquires the final form and size. Milk iron is modified throughout the cycle, swelling before menstruation and decreasing after it. This happens under the influence of hormones.
Breast deformation during the life of a woman has the cause of either lethargy of the skin, or insufficiently strong support for breasts with breast muscles. After all, the chest is primarily iron, from the location and elasticity of which its form depends. Our "beauties" are located on a pad - a thin fat layer; With incorrect body position - a curved back and shoulders, static position (sitting in front of the monitor), breast muscles simply weaken. Therefore, the first thing to be done is to take care of the general state of muscles, "pull up a back", go to posture.
But the strongest of all the milk iron changes during pregnancy. During this period, the chest is preparing for lactation. After its cessation, the ferrous slices decrease and return to the initial state. In rare cases, they become somewhat less pricked size. As for muscle tissue, it is already during pregnancy under the influence of high breast weight and still a number of factors decreases and weakens. And, as a rule, the more chest was, the stronger it saves, since it requires more elastic and strong muscles to maintain it. To minimize the loss, you should constantly take care of the chest. Especially during pregnancy and during breastfeeding.
breast restoration can be engaged after stopping feeding. First, the intensity of loads can be increased, secondly, the child has become large, and at the time of classes you can leave it on any assistant.
There is an opinion that the feeding is most of all on the appearance of the breast. Now in some commercial clinics for pregnancy, they offer immediately after childbirth to make a hormonal vaccination that prevents lactation and allows you to preserve the breasts "Maiden". According to experts, this vaccination, firstly, is harmful to health, and secondly, does not give the expected result, because the chest begins to change even during pregnancy. The lactation itself has a quick effect on the chest, and with proper handling of its own bust you will easily reduce the risk of injury. This follows:
Sometimes after stopping lactation for quite a long time, allocations continue from the chest. As a rule, they independently disappear after three to four months. But there are cases when they continue for about a year. This is associated with hormonal and endocrine disorders in the body. Therefore, the first thing to pay attention to the color of the selection. Brown or greenish discharges indicate the development of mastopathy. Blood, black or completely transparent can be a sign of intra-prototype tumor. But dairy or beige discharge is natural. But even if normal allocations continue more than a year after the completion of lactation, it is advisable to refer to the mammologist.
After you have finished feeding, it seems that someone's breasts poked like a balloon. It decreases sharply in size, sometimes one becomes significantly less than the other. Such a change is associated with the fact that in the same breast there were more milk. So that they speak, without surgery, return the former appearance and the size of the breast is unrealistic. But with a special charging, you can make breasts more elastic. In addition, the contrasting shower and sauna is very useful if it is permitted by a doctor. Moving lifestyle, massage and swimming are only welcome.
During pregnancy and even after stopping feeding, stretch marks may appear (before that they were simply invisible). Moreover, the lighter skin, the more "brighter". According to cosmetologists, for nine months after childbirth, almost all visible consequences of pregnancy can be eliminated, including stretching. It is enough two times a day to give yourself at least 10 minutes: taking shower, alternate cold and hot water, and it is desirable to direct the jet directly on damaged places. Good effect possess the shower gels with sea algae. Pour chest with circular motions, a special massage brush (not tough). Apply a moisturizing cream to the place of stretch marks.
The complexity of the diagnosis of pathology due to physiological processes accompanying the period of nursing the fetus, psychological unwillingness to hear the disappointing diagnosis and other reasons lead to the identification of breast cancer in the later stages. However, the bondar mammologist has compiled several recommendations that determine the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy.
Genetic mutations causes 5-10% of the development of oncology. In patients, neoplasms appear against the background of the dormriconal states, the effects of adverse factors, weakening immunity.
During pregnancy, reveal the breast cancer is extremely difficult due to the characteristic physiological changes, but there are a number of marker signs and symptoms, on the basis of which the diagnosis is made. On the development of oncology is evidenced by the emergence of nodes or seals, gravity and pain. It can asimetically change the shape of the chest, the skin appears on the skin, irregularities, portions of the retractions.
Pregnancy is a period in which the body of the future mother is subjected to a number of essential and internal changes. From the first months of gestation, a woman may notice how its mammary glands change - they increase in volumes, become more sensitive and so on. Selection from the breast during pregnancy in most cases are a normal response of the body. At the same time, their absence also should not cause anxiety. In this article we will try to figure out whether the presence of discharge is always a physiological process, and when you should consult a doctor.
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Genetic Genetic Center "Genomed" - a team of highly qualified genetic doctors, bioinformatics and laboratory specialists. We provide a comprehensive and high-precision diagnosis of hereditary diseases, violations of the reproductive function, the selection of individual therapy in oncology. Phone Hotline: 8-800-333-45-38
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