28 The obstetric week of pregnancy finishes the second trimester. The future mother becomes one more step closer to the long-awaited childbirth. During this period, the working capacity of the woman is still at the height, but the rapidly growing belly does not give much to act.
by 28 week of pregnancy Some kids take the right position in the uterus - head down. If this has not yet happened - you should not worry, the child is very active and changes the situation several times a day until the place is enough and he has, where to unfold.
Long alveoli begin to contact with blood vessels, preparing the baby to self-breathing. He now makes the first attempts to inhale, while swallowing the amniotic fluid. Such actions lead to the fact that the mother begins to feel the rhythmic jolts in the tummy - the child is playing.
The weight of each fetus is slightly smaller than with single-flop pregnancy - up to 1000 grams, the growth parameter is up to 32-35 cm. The development of twins is no different from the rest of the crumbs, organs and systems are developing and formed in the required time.
Most of the pregnancy passed, 10-12 weeks left before the start of the generic activity. During this period, the maternal organism continues to prepare for the approaching meeting with a crumb.
On the 20 obstetric week of pregnancy, the surrounding people pay attention to the rounded waist of the future of the women in labor and notice how beautiful it looks like. The middle of the term gives the opportunity to feel the movement of his baby under the heart and survive the wonderful experience of the first knocking leg.
For almost five months, it has passed since the joyful news of the future replenishment in the family, and during this period of time the mother and the child managed to feel a number of changes, let's look at what.
The child begins to show great activity, he turns in the womb, makes grabbing movements with handles, wures the umbilical cord on them, pushed with legs, makes her flick in his belly, pulls his finger in her mouth and even yawns.
The bodies in the body of the baby are changing, two weeks after the equator for pregnancy, the lungs make the first attempts to breathe. The doctor can already clearly listen to the heartbeat. In the body there is an organ producing blood - spleen.
The intestine continues to actively develop and gives signs of the first selection of feces (Mekonia resembles a dark color glue). The kid makes swallowing movements increasingly, which contributes to the development of its digestive tract.
The ability to dry out and the birth of the fetus is a real miracle that a woman performs. After all, at this time - it is a magic vessel in which the microscopic cell is converted into a full-fledged human body.
The average duration of pregnancy is 280 days, that is, 10 obstetric (28 days) or 9 calendar months, the countdown is made from the first day to the last menstrual cycle. During this period, a tiny egg in the uterus will have time to develop to the stage of mature fetus - a small little man prepared for outside the morning existence. Are you interested in tracing the development of the baby from month to month? Then take advantage of our calendar of the flow.
On this time, the child is considered viable in terms of the law. This means that you violate the law if you interrupt pregnancy later this term. All bodies of the baby are already functioning, although the lungs are still immature. Fat sediments and developing muscles make it quite similar to the already born baby. On the ends of the fingers appear marigold.
The proportions of the child's body already resemble the proportions of the newborn, but the skin is all in wrinkles, because the fat is still not enough. On this period of lano (thin hair covering the entire surface of the body) sometimes slightly darkens.
continue to ripen light baby, they are preparing to breathe air, not liquid. The eyes are fully formed, but not yet open. The child knows your voice and heartbeat perfectly. The kid is very active, and his "kicks" are well felt.
The baby is more and more like a real baby, but so far it is very small and weighs only about 730 grams, although on this time the weight can vary greatly. His movement is more noticeable at night when you relax than the day when you are busy business. In addition, the kid also has periods of sleep and wakefulness.
By the 11th week of pregnancy, the fruit reaches the sizes under which a detailed study of its anatomical structures is becoming possible. This is the most optimal time to diagnose pronounced defects of development incompatible or leading to severe disability. In the process of ultrasound in 11-13 weeks of pregnancy, markers (signs) of chromosomal deviations in the fetus are detected - an increase in the thickness of the collar space, the absence of a nasal bone.
The thickness of the collar space. (TVP) is the measured in millimeters, a plot between the skin and soft tissues surrounding the cervical spine of the fetus. The collar space is determined by the fetus, both in the norm and in chromosomal pathologies (for example, in the Daun disease). But in the latter case, the increase in this space is more than 2.5 mm. After the 14th week of pregnancy, all fruits disappears collar space, so it is extremely important to pass an ultrasound from 11 to 13 week of pregnancy to have time to measure this indicator.
The nasal bone is determined by the ultrasound from the 10th week of pregnancy. In fruit with chromosomal disabilities, the processes of osenation occur later than this term. Therefore, the lack of a nasal bone during the implementation of the ultrasound during this period may be a sign of the presence of chromosomal anomalies in the fetus.
To determine the described markers, the ultrasound diagnostician must have sufficient qualifications. The collar space, the nasal bone is visible only in a certain perspective, which can only find an experienced specialist with good technical skills.
In these pictures, the fruit is crooked, insufficiently increasing the image, the fetal profile is fuzzy. The measurement of TVP in such images is incorrect. Such a study leads to overestimation or to incline the risk of Dauna's disease!
In addition to measuring the thickness of the collar space, the assessment of the nasal bone is evaluated by blood flow through a tricuspid heart valve and through venous duct, the front corner of the fetus is measured.
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