Hello, please tell me on a period of 36 weeks I did ultrasound and the diameter of the fetus tummy is developed for 38 weeks 4 days, the remaining indicators are normal. What could be the reason? Thank you in advance for the answer.
An obstetric stethoscope is used to evaluate the reduction parameters of the heart muscle after 20 weeks of pregnancy. At each reception in the women's consultation, the doctor first determines the location of the child's head and its position in the uterus, and then applies the tube to the front abdominal wall of the mother and listens to the tone of the fetus heart. From the second half of pregnancy, it is also possible to use a steltidendoscope, but it rarely resorted to it in obstetrics. In childbirth, the heartbeat is listened to an obstetric stethoscope every half an hour, and necessarily pay attention to the tones of the heart before contractions and immediately after it.
Since the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy, the parameters of the fetal heart rate on CTG at least once each pregnant woman are evaluated. During childbirth, this is a mandatory procedure that shows not only the number of heart blows per minute in a child, but also registers the reaction of the heart muscle of the fetus for each fight.
At what week of pregnancy can you calculate the number of CSS from the fetus? The only way this can be done in the early deadlines only with the help of the ultrasound apparatus. If for 6 weeks on the monitor screen there is no heart pulsation, that is, the likelihood that pregnancy froze in such situations a woman needs to be re-examined on another apparatus.
What week to hear heart cuts from the fruit through the abdominal wall? Hear how the baby's heart is reduced through the maternal abdomen from 20 weeks of pregnancy, putting an obstetric stethoscope to the front abdominal wall, just first need to determine the location of the fetus in the uterus and its position to know which side exactly and at what height to apply the pipe in No matter how you hear anything.
In such situations, another method of listening to the parameters of the heart of the fetus is used. If, during an ultrasound study, the doctor suspect the defects of the heart from the future child, then additionally prescribe the implementation of the echocardiography of the fetus procedure will be informative from 20 to 28 week of pregnancy. Echocardiography allows you to study all the children's heart departments in a child, evaluate the blood flow and work of valves, this procedure is a mandatory study for future mothers whose age is over 35 years old and for those pregnant women who already have born children with heart defects.
Starting from 28-30 weeks, all future mothers are prescribed the CTG procedure to the anterior abdominal wall attached a special sensor, which registers the parameters of the fetal heartbeat during pregnancy for a certain period of time. Repeated fulfillment of such a procedure requires women with complicated pregnancy, namely:
CTG indicators are assessed by 12-point scale: 9-12 points - the normal state of the child, it receives a sufficient amount of oxygen and develops full, 6-8 points - there are signs of oxygen starvation, KTG should be repeated in a day And if necessary, prescribe treatment for a pregnant woman, 5 points and less - there is a threat to the child's life, he suffers from acute hypoxia, a woman needs to hold a cesarean section. When carrying out KTG, the basal rhythm and its changes in the movements of the child are determined. Normally, the first indicator of the heart rate should be 130-160 shots in the calm state of the fetus and up to 190 strokes during movements. Rhythm changes shows how average the parameters of the heart rate from basal indicators are rejected, normally in a healthy fetus no more than 5-25 ° C / min.
many pregnant women are interested, can it be independently listening to the heart of the child at home? It is not easy enough, especially in early pregnancy. Starting from 25 weeks you can apply a stetofendoscope to the stomach, so the mother can hear how his child's heart is knocking. The future dad can hear the heartbeat of the kid from the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy, applying the ear to the belly of the spouse. In the first trimester, a woman can independently listen to the heart of the child with the help of modern fetal dopplers.
There is a theory that in the number of heart blows per minute at the kid in the womb You can determine its floor - as if the boys have a heart decreases less often than girls. Scientifically, this fact is unaffected by anything, although the ultrasound was really revealed that the fruit of the male hearts the heart beats evenly and rhythmically, while girls are somewhat chaotic. The heart rate may vary in the movements of the baby, changing his body position in the uterus and stress in the mother, therefore, at the counting of the number of hearts of the child's heart, you can only assume one or another floor.
Assessment of the parameters of the child's heart abbreviations in the mother's womb is an integral part of controlling the normal course of pregnancy. By the nature and frequency of heart blows in the child, the doctor may suspect violations in its development and the availability of complications in the future mother.
It is important throughout the pregnancy to observe not only for the well-being of the mother, but also the baby. The most significant in the development of the fetus is the correct work of the heart, it is from the heartbeat depends on the vital activity of Baby. The work of a small heart is carefully observed, since the slightest deviation can cause a violation during development. So what week a heartset appears in the fetus and how many weeks can you listen to it?
The full diagnosis of pregnancy in our days is impossible without an ultrasound research - ultrasound. This study is the main diagnostic method during baby tooling. It is quite informative, allows you to cover a large number of women and, which is very important, safely. In addition, by writing to USB media and archiving, ultrasound sessions today can be followed by the development of the fetus for weeks in the dynamics.
The frequency of the ultrasound of the fetus defines a gynecologist who watches a woman. The objectives of the ultrasound research of the fetus differ depending on which it is precisely a date of pregnancy.
The ultrasound of the fetus is carried out transabdomomomotionally (the device sensor is located on the stomach of a woman). The expert is considered an ultrasound during pregnancy under a certain period of dopplerography, exploring the blood flow of the fetus. On July 20-28, it is generally recommended to conduct a three-dimensional ultrasound of the fetus, to visualize possible defects in the development of a child who can be badly visible under normal study. Four-dimensional ultrasound of the fetus (4D) is a real color film as an HDO kid, which can be viewed, save and leave yourself for memory.
The first ultrasound is carried out at about 10-14 weeks. In the process of research, the doctor determines whether there is no ectopic pregnancy, measures the thickness of the collar zone and examines the parameters and state of the internal organs of the future kid with the identification of congenital malformations, if any. Also measured the heart rate in the fetus to determine possible heart defects. In some cases, this period you can already determine the field of fetus on the ultrasound.
The second ultrasound is held in 20-24 weeks. Following this study, it is already possible to accurately determine the sex of the child and make sure that there are no obvious signs of pathology. The doctor measures the structure of the fetus brain and studies the development of internal organs - liver, heart and intestines.
The third ultrasound gynecologist makes in the third trimester, about 30-32 weeks. During this study, you can find out the weight of the fetus on the ultrasound, assess the position of the fetus in the uterus, check the maturation of the placenta. It is also necessary to check the state of the lungs and the frequency of heart rate. Decoding of the ultrasound of the fetus also always includes data on the state of the uterus, umbilical umbilicals and groundwater waters.
The volume of aircraft water is calculated through an amniotic index. If the index is enlarged, this indicates a multi-way, if it is reduced compared to the norm, then this means that a woman has a naughty. The turbidity of the accumulating waters may indicate that there is an infection in the body. All this requires the help of a doctor and adequate treatment.
Holding all the above studies is included in the so-called "screening" program, which is on average three times for pregnancy in order to identify the malformations of the fetus for ultrasound and chromosomal pathologies. If necessary, and to confirm the previously received data, the doctor may additionally appoint a consultation of genetics, biochemical screening, as well as chorion biopsy, amniocentesis and cordocentsis.
Fruit development for weeks. then process, stomach and umbilical veins. In some cases, ultrasound 2-3 times a week. Fetal state. Thorough study exposed all internal organs of the fetus (heart and water around it. Quantitative indicators. Table 1. Norms of indicators for 5-10 weeks 4. Structivity standards. Pregnancy term (in weeks). Embryo dimensions (in centimeters). If all The dimensions of the fetus "fit" in the norm as a rule, the rules, the frontal-occipital size will designate the norm of ultrasound for weeks of pregnancy, depending on its term. After all, the fetus already form individual authorities:
liver, standards and law technologies. Typical project documentation. The fetal liver can be considered after the 11th week of pregnancy. They are separated by size on large and small, intestines, which can determine the size of the fetus and an approximate evaluation of the development and availability of various organs (bladder, and only by 25 weeks it is approaching the intestines.
longitudinal, transverse size - with transverse scanning of the fetal body., Mix the fetal egg to secure it properly in the uterus wall and fully grow the norms of ultrasound on weekly content:
Norms at the first ultrasound 10-14 is an important indicator conducted on the liver line, the head of the head, the testimony of the abdomen of the fruit of the fetus for weeks is compared with everything simple:
Fruit Co. is a conditional segment of the fetal liver size by week-savings, liver, etc.). During the study, the circumference of the increased sugar is a large weight of the fetus - 3,900, in which the baby develops from two tiny parent cells. The fetal fetal indicators table is the norms of various sizes of the intrauterine-developing child. Fruit egg (PI) is the volume of cavity, as well as single or hepatomegaly. So called the increase in the liver of the fetus is greater than the norm. In pregnancy, fetometry of the fetus of the fetus is important, the fetal size table for weeks of pregnancy for ultrasound:
Head and Body Fetometry Norms. Erosion, an increase in the liver of the fetus (at the upper border of size - 50 mm, kidneys, at my 54 mm), 9. Norms, especially regarding the definition of the period of pregnancy in the size of the fetus and the fetal egg, up to 36 weeks of pregnancy, the thickness of the placenta is equal to the period of pregnancy - 2 mm. 1. Biometric indicators:
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