The body of each woman changes in its own way during pregnancy. However, by the fifth month, as a rule, the stomach is already quite noticeable. You will begin to adapt to the changes that happen to your body. And gradually gradually get used that everything is ready to give you uninterested tips.
It is very likely that the tide of strength, which is peculiar to the second trimester, has not yet ended. According to many women, this is the most pleasant phase of pregnancy. However, you may encounter a number of unpleasant symptoms typical of the fifth month of pregnancy, such as:
The fifth lunar month of pregnancy is in a sense of the equator. 20 weeks "to" are already passed, 20 weeks "after" are still coming. It already happened so much and still so much happened. Today we learn what changes are waiting for future mom during this period.
- The fifth month of pregnancy is the 17-20th week. During this period, the baby is actively moving inside the uterus, tumbling, changes the position of the body. Licks the umbilical cord, sucks a finger, knocking his cam over the uterus wall. It is during this period that Mommy begins to feel his baby. For those women who have the first pregnancy, this happens by the 20th week, in those who have re-pregnancy, by the 18th week. The growth of the baby is 20 cm, and the weight is 500 grams.
It is by the end of the 5th month of pregnancy your baby for growth resembles a small zucchini. During this period, two very important events occur. First, on the tips of the fingertips, the baby manifests the drawings, which in the future will call prints. And, secondly, mommy begins to feel his baby. Folk sign says that if this day is deducted for 20 days, then you can determine the date of birth of the kid.
Since the uterus becomes greater, it begins to take internal organs. The vertical axis of the stomach changes to the horizontal. Appear heartburn, nausea. Also begins to squeeze the liver, because of this, burglaries appear in the mouth. Blood circulation on a large vessels is disturbed, this leads to the fact that it appears stagnation, veins can appear on their feet. It may also be stagnant in a small pelvis, which can lead to hemorrhoids. Since the baby begins to actively grow, and he needs nutrients, a woman may have anemia.
On the fifth month of pregnancy, the kid reports his mother about his presence with light shocks. If this is your first child, you will feel his movement on if you already have children - for 2-3 weeks earlier. Now you can judge the state of the fetus. Too active behavior is a reason for concern. It indicates oxygen starvation - hypoxia. Perhaps you dressed in one place, have not been in the fresh air for a long time or you have developed anemia (anemia), which, in general, is not uncommon in the middle of pregnancy. By the beginning of the fifth month, the uterus increases significantly - its bottom is 17-18 cm above the Lonny bone.
As the belly increases, the gait is changing: to maintain balance, you are forced to slightly lean the torso back. It's time to take care of, as well as convenient shoes on low stable heels. At about the 18-20th week, an ultrasound examination is carried out. In some cases (it depends on the position that the baby occupies in the uterus) you can learn half a child. The doctor will determine how correctly the fruit is developing. If a doctor has some doubts, you will be offered to consult in genetics, to conduct special diagnostic tests, pass the blood tests, make an amniocentsis or chorion biopsy. This will eliminate genetic pathology.
Detect anemia to help its biochemical research on serum iron. By the way, a pretty common desire to chew chalk or lime in pregnant women, ride in pairs of gasoline, varnish, paints, acetone or other sharp smells is explained by the deficiency of iron in the body. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it will be prescribed iron-containing drugs and vitamins necessary to assimilate this important macroelement. Fill the increased needle of the gland will help beef, nuts, beef liver (do not get carried away), parsley greens, buckwheat porridge, apricots, peaches, spinach, tomato juice, blueberries, grenades and apples (better Antonovsky - they are much more iron than in them other varieties). Particular attention to the level of iron in the blood should be paid to future vegetarian mothers. You need to take mineral supplements, unfortunately, to fill the deficiency of iron only with vegetables and fruits is not always possible.
Now half of your pregnancy Behind, you have overcome the equator! During this time, the baby has changed significantly and grown. Since that time, you will start feeling the movements of your baby, very soon you can see it on an ultrasound and find out the floor!
On this date, the baby is actively moving in the oily waters - performs turns, knuckles, moves with legs and handles, nods the head, touches the umbilical cord, pushes into the walls of the uterus. Such activity can not be not seen by the future mommy, from this week mommy may feel the first movements.
The development of the immune system of the fetus is actively developing, now immune bodies can actively produce immunoglobulins and interferons that protect the fetus from viral and microbial infection. The primitives of both dairy and constant teeth have already been fully formed.
By the beginning of the fifth month, the uterus is significantly increased, its bottom is 17-18 cm above the lane. Your walk has changed: the stomach has increased, and now, in order to maintain balance, you have to learn a few of the body back.
The load has increased to it, and this is understandable: a new circulation circle appeared in your body. In this regard, the so-called cardiac emission increased significantly (by 40%). Pulse is studied - at rest to 80-90 beats per minute. Do not be afraid if the blood pressure also turns out to be higher than the usual 5-15 mm mercury pillar. This is normal, because the volume of circulating blood increased by almost 500 ml.
its parameters change significantly. The number of leukocytes increases, is significantly accelerated by EE. Therefore, blood tests will be different from the results of those that were made at the beginning of pregnancy, and this is normal. The volume of blood plasma increases (compared with the mass of erythrocytes) - it seems to be "diluted." This process is called hemodilia and may be accompanied by a decrease in blood hemoglobin.
This is a physiological process, and in itself does not represent danger. However, it is important not to miss the start of the so-called true anemia. Therefore, along with the analysis determining the level of hemoglobin, the doctor will appoint you a biochemical study of blood to identify the content of serum iron in it.
But when this indicator will be lower than the norm, there must be emergency measures. First, you will immediately prescribe iron-containing drugs and multivitamins. The latter must necessarily, because the digestibility of iron against the background of hypovitaminosis is sharply reduced. Waiter, in the diet now you need to turn on the beef liver, peanuts tomato juice, buckwheat porridge, apples (better Antonovsky, in which iron content is much higher than in other varieties).
Through them from the body, end products of metabolism - and mothers, and the fetus are derived. Hormone progesterone, which is now produced in huge quantities, contributes to the expansion of ureters and renal pelvis. A growing uterus can squeeze the bladder and the mouth of the ureters, disturbing the outflow of urine.
And this is already a prerequisite for a very common complication - pyelonephritis of pregnant women. Stagnation of urine and incomplete emptying of kidney pellets create conditions for the introduction and development of infection. With such pathology, frequent and painful urination can torment, pain in the lumbar department on the right or left, fever, weakness. If you felt something like - immediately go to the doctor. The violation of the excretory function threatens the well-being of the child: the flow of nutrients will deteriorate, they will be poisoned not removed from the blood slag.
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