Each visit to a pregnant woman to lead her pregnancy to the doctor is measured by the standing height of the uterus. In the exchange card, the doctor denotes this parameter as VMM or IVTM. What represents such a measurement, why it is carried out and how this height changes throughout the entire term of the baby's intrauterine life, this article will tell.
Female reproductive body, which becomes a reliable face of a growing child during pregnancy, resembles a bag. Its lower part is like a knotted part of this bag, it is the narrowest. This is a cervix, which is a round muscle. The wider part of the uterus, domed, is called the bottom of the uterus. The word "bottom" is not confused, because for a growing baby, who in childbirth will leave the womb, this domed part will indeed be the bottom. The inlet to the outlet inside the reproductive organ is one - this is the cervical canal inside the cervix, and it is located downstairs.
The height of the bottom of the uterus is a special size reflecting the height to which the bottom part rose relative to the pubis. Until the end of the first trimester, the parameters of the uterus are small (to the eighth week - no more eggs geese), and it perfectly fits in the space of a small pelvis.
But the childbody is growing rapidly, the number of muscle fibers increases, and the uterus stops to the launch of the second trimester, it ceases to fit in a small pelvis and goes beyond its limits, in the abdominal cavity, gradually lifting up and backing up the diaphragm. It is on these weighty grounds that the abdomen is going on, his visual increase in a woman who is preparing for rapid motherhood.
Today, experts are paid to VDDM less value than before, because diagnostic tools at the disposal of the obstetrician appeared much more, and their accuracy is significantly higher. But at all this parameter in pregnant women from the protocols of the Ministry of Health and obstetric practice did not remove.
VMM definition can be carried out both independently and with the help of an obstetrician-gynecologist. It's not hard.
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The standing height of the bottom of the uterus is the level on which the bottom is at a certain period, as well as after. The bottom of the uterus is the upper dominant part of the uterus, which is located above the place where the body of the uterus connects with. With its bottom of the uterus tilted forward. It is the bottom of a pregnant uterus that can be spoken by hands, since this part of the uterus in the process of growth "rises", moving out of a small pelvic to the abdominal cavity towards the diaphragm (muscle plate, which separates the infant cavity from the abdominal).
Measure the height of the bottom of the uterus can be after-week of pregnancy. Before that time, the uterus is located inside the small pelvis, that is, it does not protrude above the pubic bone, so it is not subject to feeling and measuring outside. Up to 13 weeks of pregnancy, that is, more uterine can only be forgiven with a bimanual or two-handed study, once the hand introduces into the vagina, and the second hand presses on the lower part of the abdomen, trying to bring both hands to the lower part. However, special information about the period of pregnancy does not produce such a reception, so all measurements of the standing height of the uterus are produced in the second trimester of pregnancy (sent).
During the measurement of the floor of the uterus, the woman is lying on the couch on his back, with a slightly bent legs. It is important to remind a pregnant woman that before measuring the height of the uterus, the bladder should be emptied. At first, the doctor will hold the belly of the belly of a pregnant woman to determine the position of the fetus, the bottom of the uterus and part of the fetus, which is located in the bottom area. For this, the doctor becomes the left of the pregnant face to her, puts his palms to the bottom of the uterus, directing the tips of the fingertips of both hands to each other. This reception is called the first reception of Leopold. After the doctor defines the most remote dot point of the uterus above the pubic bone, it, using a centimeter tape, measures the distance from the edge of the pub (pubic bone) to the point where the bottom of the uterus was determined.
Instead of centimeter tape, you can use fingers. Pressed fingers, usually index and medium, are located crosswise on the stomach of pregnant. The standing height of the bottom of the uterus in this case is determined by the number of fingers between the main anatomical landmarks - the Lone, the navel and the sword-shaped process of the sternum.
The standing height of the bottom of the uterus is an indicator that indicates a normal or disturbed course of pregnancy, on possible anomalies of the fetus and mother's disease. This is one of the indicators of the so-called gravelogram ("Gravel" in Latin means "pregnant"). The gravelogram is a table that the doctor fills with each visit to a pregnant woman, and which reflects the course of pregnancy in the form of graphs. Follow the change in the standing height of the uterus, it is necessary throughout the pregnancy, comparing the change in the height each week. So get the base of the floor of the uterus.
The most significant changes regarding the female body occur in the uterus during pregnancy. From the moment of attaching a fertilized egg until the date of birth. To ensure the future child of a comfortable stay inside it, the uterus is constantly increasing. In a mature state, it has a length of about 8 cm, about 2.5 of them make up the cervix. With the growth and development of the embryo, the size of this body is also changing, reaching 40 cm. Weight also increases with 50 gr. up to 4 kg.
On a low period, the size of the organ is determined by tapping through the vagina. When 14 weeks comes, the uterus achieves this size, which goes beyond the boundaries of the pelvis area, rising above, so it becomes easily tangible through the abdominal wall. This concept is called the height of the state of the uterus.
The height of the bottom of the uterus is the length between the pubic symphysome and the upper boundary of the organ, which is its bottom. It is measured in centimeters, on each woman's appearance to the gynecologist and is indicated in the exchange card. It is important to track the dynamics of changes to identify any deviations in time. The size of the uterus makes it possible to define compliance with the period of pregnancy, and the date of delivery.
from each week, along with the growth of the baby, the height of the bottom of the uterus should also increase. This makes it possible to determine the correct development of the fetus, the number of accumulating waters and say whether the pregnancy has not fried away.
Altitude-to-catch (VMM) - an indicator, which is imaginary. Prizeyprostidide-accompanying WMDs - MOTHERCHESCHERMENTS, FOR EMPLOYMENTSCOBERNESSIONSIONSIONATE, THEREMENTS AREABOCKETS. Everything that consumes awareness of itemPocaebuddyMamma, is presented in the article.
The belly of the pregnant woman gradually changes the shape and outlines during the entire period of the baby tool. As the crumb grows and gains strength for the appearance of the light, the uterus during pregnancy expands and the height of the bottom of the uterus grows.
What are we talking about where the bottom of the uterus is and why was it so called? The fact is that the uterus is considered as located "upside down" organ. This means that its bottom is actually the highest point. Accordingly, since the abdomen grows in pregnancy, the bottom of the uterus gradually rises.
Thus, the term VDM denotes the distance between the highest point of the organ and the place where the side bones of the pelvis are connected (pubic sympathy).
VMU during pregnancy increases according to the term, and normally its indicators expressed in centimeters, approximately correspond to the weeks of the first and second trimester.
The greatest value reaches the end of 37 weeks, after which it begins to decline. When the stomach is lowered, it becomes clear that childbirth is approaching. In general, the measurement of the standing height of the uterus helps to control the flow of pregnancy and respond to possible disorders in time. That is why it is important to systematically attend the Doctors to avoid health problems and a child.
The height of the bottom of the uterus for weeks is measured by a gynecologist on scheduled consultations. In my practical activity, I often come across questions of future mothers about why this is done. With this indicator of the obstetrician:
During the first trimester, the uterus still remains hidden behind the pelvic bones and it is possible to forgive it through the vagina. In the second trimester, this can be done through the stomach and easily measure VMM.
Throughout the pregnancy, gynecologists measure the standing height and the dimensions of the uterus for weeks. It helps them not only to determine the term of pregnancy, but also to conclude about its flow, whether the development deviations of the fetus or development correspond to the norm.
The size of a critical organ is extremely important at the earliest rates of tooling, since it is precisely that it makes it possible to establish an indicative period of pregnancy and the fetus age. But after 2 months from the moment of fertilization, the height of the bottom of the uterus during pregnancy is more carefully studied. This indicator is necessary to exclude the likelihood of an abnormal increase in the body and its departure beyond the limits of a small pelvis.
This data helps the Akuster to evaluate the rate of development of the embryo inside the childbearing organ, study the state of the uterus, specify the length of the nose and put the estimated date of the delivery. Measuring the height of the bottom of the uterus for weeks occurs in the conditions of female consultation, when the gynecologist sets this value with the help of special devices.
The establishment of this indicator should take place immediately after urination. Pregnant need to lie on the back and even pull the legs. The doctor will measure the circumference of the tummy and determines whether the norm of the uterine of a particular patient corresponds to the norms of the bottom of the uterus. All this is recorded in a woman's exchange card in order to be able to monitor the dynamics of changes to the indicators as the length of the toast increases.
In obstetric practice there is a special table that allows you to adequately judge any deviations from the norm when setting indicators on a specific period. So, for example, the height of the bottom of the uterus in 16 weeks should be 14-16 centimeters, which is a generally accepted standard. However, there are factors that are able to influence an uneven and abnormal decrease or increase in indicators. These include:
Do not be upset in advance if your indicators do not coincide with the norms. The reason for this may be an incorrectly distributed period, and not the presence of any pathology of pregnancy or fetus.
Measurement of the height of the bottom of the uterus before childbirth makes it possible to establish the presumptive weight of the child and make a decision on the tactics of the process of root separation. Again, you should not lose sight of the individual features of each organism and the process of carrying.
If the height of the bottom of the uterus is less than the term, then quite real reasons for such a phenomenon of the base of the bottom of the uterine, the binding the transverse or oblique location of the child in the organ or delay in the overall development of the fetus. Confirm these assumptions should be confirmed using Dopplerometry, Ultrasound and CGT.
The height of the bottom of the uterus is more than a period of time can accompany pregnancy with several fruits, a large amount of amniotic fluid. It can also be a sign of nulling a very large child.
Throughout the pregnancy, gynecologists measure the standing height and the dimensions of the uterus for weeks. It helps them not only to determine the term of pregnancy, but also to conclude about its flow, whether the development deviations of the fetus or development correspond to the norm. Therefore, it is not to be surprised that your leading doctor at each inspection pays special attention to this particular body. Remember, he is not worried about himself, but about you and your baby. You are wondering how your pregnancy takes place, but you can't decipher the numbers? In today's article we will tell you in detail, from which the height of the bottom of the uterus on weeks depends, and you will also introduce you to the table in which the norms are specified.
Interesting facts! Before pregnancy, in women reproductive age, the uterus has the following sizes and weight: length - about 8 cm (maybe not much less or more), height - 3.6 - 4 centimeters, cervix - approximately 2.6 cm, weight - 45 -55 During pregnancy, the size and height of the bottom of the uterus varies on weeks and by the end of the 3rd trimester for 40 weeks its length reaches 40 cm, and the weight is 3.5-4.1 kg.
By the way, if you examine a gynecologist with a normal deviation from the norm in the right side, it may mean that the patient has a twin or triple. In a smaller side - the woman has a small, transverse or oblique position of the fetus or the slow development of the kid. The status height of the bottom of the uterus must be measured constantly in order to track the dynamics of the results.
Important! The above average size of the state of the uterus may not correspond to reality, since each woman, before the start of pregnancy, the uterus has an individual size.
The initial measurement begins at 8-9 weeks, when the uterus changes its shape and becomes similar to a goose egg. It is from this period that it can be forgiven, since it goes beyond the low pelvis and has a new position - just above the pubis. In addition, it is at this time that the yellow body begins to disappear gradually, and the placenta is actively working.
The baby despite its small sizes to move, and blood vessels begin to form in its body. By 10-13 week later, a pregnant length of the uterus reaches about 10-11 cm. The body tries to be cleaned, toxicosis increases due to this. The height of the bottom of the uterus on July 14-16 already reaches about 15 cm. For this period, the fetus has already formed all organs.
The uterus changes its position and is already in the interval - from the pubic part and to the navel. On July 17-18, VDM uterus = 19 cm. Mother for this period has already formed a placenta, and its baby has an immune system, all limbs and a cerebellum. Half period - 20 weeks. The height of the bottom of the uterus on weeks corresponds to (approximately) the term of the pregnant woman.
The uterus is located 1. 5 fingers below the navel. The weight of the fetus for 22 -24 week is equal to 550-610 grams. Its lungs begin to form their formation, and muscles and bones - development. The size of the uterus reaches 23 cm. The height of the bottom of the uterus at 28 week = 28 cm. ICC is already above the navel, about 1. 5-2 fingers. The beginning of the third trimester is 29-30 weeks.
VMU uterus a little more period, approximately 31 cm. At this point, many women complain about increased blood pressure and it is not surprising, because the uterus has increased very much in size. 9 month of pregnancy and 32 weeks, the length of the uterus - 32 centimeters. At the end of the week, the bottom of the uterus rises again and reaches the line of rib arc.
Pregnancy comes to his logical offensive, to a meeting with the baby left to wait 2-3 weeks. At 38 week, the weight of the child reaches 2200 kg, although in some cases it may not much more. The woman appears from the heartburn, due to the fact that the uterus presses on the digestive organs, because its length = 32 cm. Preparation for childbirth - 40 week. VMM - 34 cm.
For those future moms who have stepped over the threshold of the second trimester and counted for 14 weeks for 14 weeks, it will have to get used to another mandatory and since then the constant procedure: measuring the height of the bottom of the uterus.
The doctor will hold it with each of your visiting female consultation with the help of an ordinary centimeter. Why so simple? From 8-9 weeks, the uterus begins to increase so significantly that its changes can be traced, without resorting to complex research. Taking advantage of a centimeter ribbon, it is possible to quite accurately set the term of pregnancy and understand what the height of the bottom of the uterus is at the moment.
The most obligatory for detachment and childbearing the body begins its "work" immediately after the fertilized egg falls into it. In the first two and a half months, the naked eye can not notice the works of your uterus to protect and create conditions for the embryo. But they are huge, although at the very beginning of pregnancy the uterus remains almost in the same amount as before pregnancy.
By the way, a non-empty uterus is very small - 8 cm. All and weighs about 50 g. Dwaitsy in the size of the "house" of your baby by the end. At the same time, the uterus changes his pear-shaped form on rounded.
The child is increasingly growing and requires space for its comfortable stay in the uterus. Notice how elastic is this organ, it can stretch to the sizes necessary for the fetus without the slightest damage!
In the beginning of the pear, there are completely disappeared, and the uterus becomes like an egg. By this time, your baby also modifies and no longer resembles a fish, but acquires the features of a human cub. And he does not cease to actively grow, forcing its "lodge" in the amount and weight of its "lodge".
In the earliest period, the height of the uterus can be determined by tapping through the vagina. Starting from 13-14 weeks, it grows outside the pelvis and can already be felt through the abdominal wall.
To get the most objective result of the survey, a pregnant woman in the lying position using a centimeter tape measure the distance between the Lobka Symphysome and the bottom of the uterus (this is its highest standing point).
Results must be recorded in writing so that in the future without problems track the dynamics of the growth of the uterus.
In order for you to be easier to navigate in the ratio of the term of pregnancy and the level of standing the bottom of the uterus, we give the table in which the data in numbers and centimeters are given. However, applying a table, be sure to make amendment in accordance with your individual physiological features (growth, weight, one or multipleness).
When a pregnant is visited by a gynecologist, it measures the standing height of the bottom of the uterus. What does this parameter mean and what is his norm?
The height of the bottom of the uterus is measured as the distance between its highest point and the place of connecting the side bones of the pelvis.
This parameter shows how the sizes of the uterus change and how much matches the normal course of pregnancy on a specific period.
The bottom of the uterus is actually not at the bottom of the belly of a pregnant woman, but at the very top, that is, the uterus as it would turn upside down. The more pregnancy term - the higher it rises.
It is important to remember that these indicators are subject to a certain extent. If you regularly visit the doctor and he says that everything is normal, then, most likely, nothing to worry about.
During pregnancy, the body of the future mother undergoes a number of major changes intended to carry a healthy child. Each visit to a woman to the gynecologist is accompanied by a measurement of a number of important indicators, allowing directly or indirectly to judge how evolving. One of these indicators is the height of the bottom of the uterus. In this article we will talk about the height of the bottom of the uterus for weeks of pregnancy, the reasons for deviation from the norm.
As you know, after a merger with a spermatozoa, the egg is attached to the wall of the uterus, where it begins to develop. Thus, the entire growth of the fetus is carried out in the uterus that can be significantly stretched due to the pronounced muscular layer. As the future of the future, the baby uterus is increasingly increasing in size, the remaining internal organs are somewhat shifted, freeing her place.
The standing height of the bottom of the uterus is the length of the edge part of the pubic articulation to the highest point of the point in which the organ is tested. Based on this indicator, it is indisputable to judge how the child develops.
The essence of this method consists in palpator tacking the upper point of the uterus through the surface of the front abdominal wall and the subsequent measurement with a centimeter tape distance from the pubic dice to this point.
Until the time, an ultrasonic study has come to medical practice, the standing height of the bottom of the uterus, together with a stomach circumference, was the only indicators to suggest a major or "miniature" child will be born.
So how much should the bottom of the uterus be located at the normal course of pregnancy? When entering one child, the indicators will be the following:
An important diagnostic indicator for pregnancy is considered the height of the bottom of the uterus. The discrepancy between the standing of the bottom of the uterus (VSDM) the term of pregnancy may indicate the development of pathology and requires additional diagnostic measures.
What is Iddm? Where is the uterine bottom at the not giving birth women? What are the dimensions of the uterus during pregnancy are considered normal? Is it worth it to worry, if the height indicator does not match the table?
The main function of the uterus is childbearing. The body consists of dense muscle compounds, due to which it can stretch to the desired size as the fetus grows and shrink to natural sizes in the postpartum period.
During pregnancy, this small bag of elastic muscles increases almost 500 times. The weight of the uterus before pregnancy is only 50 g, and at the 40th week this indicator reaches 1-1.5 kg.
many women are interested in where the uterine bottom is. This is the top point that protrudes over the pubic articulation. In no giving birth, the length of the uterus is approximately 7 cm. Once a fertilized egg is introduced into its mucous membrane, its dimensions begin to gradually increase. In an early period, the bottom is located slightly below the navel and rises as the organ with the child grows inside. The definition is made in two stages:
The outer palpation bottom of the uterus becomes possible only from the 16th week of pregnancy (more in the article: the size of the uterus at the 16th week of pregnancy). Prior to this, VMM can only be determined when vaginal inspection.
The change in the size and shape of the uterus is due to the growth of the baby in it. Because the kid every week weighs more and more, the uterus, respectively, is also stretched stronger. Approximately the 3rd month of the uterus is at the level of the leave. In size and shape, it resembles chicken, but a little later a goose egg. At this time, the tummy is not growing yet, so nothing can issue a woman's condition.
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