For the normal flow of pregnancy and for successful delivery, the condition of the genital organs of the future mother is important, so when registering with the female consultation, the gynecologist necessarily produces their inspection, assessing the state of the uterus and appendages. One of the most important points that pays separate attention is the length of the cervix changing throughout the pregnancy.
). Came changes lead to the fact that the uterus is stretched, so the connecting tube itself becomes shorter.
Starting from about 12 weeks, the connecting channel between the uterus and the vagina is gradually shortened. Before the sorts of cervical, the cervix changes strongly, shrinking to a two-chamber length.
These changes are physiological and talk about the normal pattern of ripening the cervix. Norms of indicators of sizes at primible and repeatedly can be different. In the case when the connecting channel does not change in the amount or rapidly shortening, the doctors state the pathology, dangerous to the health and life of the future maternity and her baby.
The channel study connecting the vagina and the uterus is performed with each view of a pregnant woman in the gynecological chair. There are two methods for its measurement:
The main indicator of the state of the uterine neck is a bishop scale. It appreciates the neck according to the following criteria:
. If with a shortened neck there is a soreness, a woman is put on treatment in a hospital, where the bed mode is prescribed to the birth.. To prevent pregnancy complications in this case, a woman is recommended to wear a bandage. It is impossible to increase the length of the CMM, so at cervical insufficiency, doctors resort to correction measures. Women with such a diagnosis is recommended sexual rest, minimalization of physical and psychological loads.
Pregnancy - a special period in life for every girl. Women's body has an interesting and difficult structure. During the tooling of the fetus, very many organs begin to change. In the body there is a sufficiently large number of changes.
- one of the most important organs performing reproduction functions. During the tooling of the fetus, this body may vary. What you need to know the future mothers and what to be ready?
The location of the body is concentrated in the field of small pelvis, in the middle. The uterus has a cervix, located at the bottom and is a rounded shape.
The sizes of the organ change when entering the fetus, as well as after delivery. This is due to the process of muscle hypertrophy flowing during the child tooling.
This organ refers to the number of mobile organs capable of occupying a different position in the environment. In the form, this organ resembles a pear.
Cervic in structure is a ring of muscle tissue located at the bottom of the uterus. Its main function is to connect this organ with the vagina channel. Also through the cervical canal there is a removal of menstrual discharge. Even through the Cervix, spermatozoa falls to the egg for its fertilization.
Normally, the neck length parameter must be in the range from 34 to 35 millimeters. Two structural units are distinguished in the organ:
Cervix shape can change. Before the start of the delivery, it has a flat shape, an externally resembling a cylinder. After childbirth, the body acquires a trapezoidal form. The parameters of the Cervix may change after surgical interventions affecting this anatomical area.
14-15 days before the start of birth, the uterine muscle ripens rapidly. Normal data research data for this stage:
At the onset of the long-awaited event, the most important thing that mom can make for his baby is a continuous concern for his own and his health. Do not neglect visits the doctor. The implementation of medical prescriptions for the treatment and physical exertion, regular surveys will help the correct flow of the process of bearing and the birth of a healthy baby.
Women's reproductive system provides the necessary conditions for the birth and to wear a healthy child. The inner layer of the uterus protects the growing embryo from any effects from the outside. The structure of the cervix, the norm of its length during pregnancy is significant parameters that affect the prosperous and timely delivery.
The uterus is a unique organ that provides the intrauterine growth of the fetus. Component elements of the organ:
The lower segment of the uterus is a hollow ring-like muscle, the length of which in non-refined is mostly from 4.5 to 3 cm. When pregnant, it gradually declines, actively this process begins to pass from 37 weeks (changes of changes on earlier The timing is filed in the table above).
The organ becomes not only shorter, but also softer and centers relative to the pelvis. The period for which these changes occur, varies depending on the characteristics of the reproductive system of the manufacturer. So, in some women, the neck smoothes to the final state (1-1.5 cm) and disclosed properly for several days or even weeks, while others have passed during the day or the entire pair of hours before the start of the bout.
That, the woman gives birth for the first time or the second, does not have a great effect on the changes. The process is sometimes different in that pregnant women who gave birth before, abbreviations during the early last time will be less pronounced, but it will be rapidly immediately before childbirth.
The cervix from the moment of conception to childbirth undergoes various changes, the most important of which is shortening the length. This indicator affects whether the future mother will be able to endure the child with all due time or not, and deviations from the norm are fraught with such serious consequences as the miscarriage and premature origin of the birth
A short cervical channel is nonethelessly a categorical contraindication to motherhood, and the negative impact of pathology can be balanced by various therapeutic measures, in particular the use of pessary or reinforcement. In order to identify the problem in time and eliminate it, it is necessary to observe the gynecologist and responsibly refer to its recommendations.
medicine is set by a standard to which the neck must be configured in certain periods. Since the study is conducted from 20 weeks, more attention is paid to this period. However, in the early period of pregnancy, he should also be of interest. Conditionally research is divided into two stages:
For each of them, their norms are defined. Therefore, the study of the indicator must be carried out in such a context. The technique involves performing Mondoothly measurements.
An important role in hacking pregnancy is played by the cervix. With a long neck of the uterus, pregnancy proceeds safely. Women with a short neck of a pregnancy stand in a risk group for non-chicken pregnancy.
Rarely meet a short cervix, as an anatomical feature of the structure, more often the cervix becomes shorter after mechanical damage. Abortions and any gynecological interventions contribute to the expansion of the cervix and lead to its shortening. In addition, scars are formed, which deform the neck, as a result of which it is shortened.
Therefore, at the pregnancy planning stage, a survey is necessary for a gynecologist to identify this pathology, as well as a regular visit to the doctor throughout the pregnancy.
Changes in the cervix occur precisely during pregnancy. During pregnancy, uterine blood flow increases, and the full-scale is manifested by the appearance of a cyanotic (blue) shade of the cervix. Endocerevical epithelium grows and produces a thick mucus, which prevents the penetration of pathogenic microflora.
The cervical epithelium is sensitive to changes in estrogen levels during pregnancy. Estrogens cause hyperrophy of the muscular layer of the uterus, so the volume and length of the cervix increases during pregnancy. An increase in the diameter of the cervix entails the turning of the endocervical epithelium into the cavity of the vagina. Turning the cervix during pregnancy is called ectopia, but during pregnancy it is considered an option for the norm.
The length of the cervix during pregnancy is controlled by a doctor throughout the entire period, since the success of the fetal tool depends on this indicator. The length of the cervix during pregnancy is periodically measured on the ultrasound, in order to prevent the threat of miscarriage.
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