There are diabetes mellitus of the first and second type, gestational diabetes in pregnant women, symptomatic diabetes, which appears when inflammation of the pancreas or damage to its cells due to intoxication.
In young patients, all types of type 1 is insulin-dependent. Its reason is a genetically determined autoimmune violation, in which pancreatic cells are affected responsible for insulin production. The disease may occur already at 6 months of age after transferred rubella or entering the body of antigens with food. The treatment of type 1 diabetes without insulin is impossible, since the body is not able to produce it.
In recent years, cases of insulin-dependent diabetes (SD 2 of the type) in children and adolescents have become more frequent. The main reason is an incorrectly selected diet, hypodynamine (low-wear lifestyle).
The rare form is neonatal diabetes mellitus, which occurs in a newborn literally from the first days of life. The disease usually manifests itself in the first six months after the child's appearance. The reason is the pathology of intrauterine development due to insulin deficiency.
International Diabetes Day is celebrated in the world since 1991. The decision to approve this day belongs to the International Diabetic Federation and the World Health Organization, and since 2007, the activities are held with the support of the UN. November 14 is not chosen by chance. On this day, in 1891, one of the scientists who opened insulin was born, Frederick Banting, Nobel Prize winner.
According to WHO, from 1980 to 2014, the number of diabetes patients has increased almost 4 times - from 108 million to 422. It is likely that today this number is even more - first, the trend towards growth is maintained, Secondly, statistics take into account only those people who know about their disease and receive medical care about this. In any case, diabetes enters the top three main reasons for the offensive of disability and death.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which its own cells producing cells are destroyed. Why the disease arises - no one knows anyone, scientists make various assumptions, but they have not come to consensus. Nevertheless, there are several factors that should be taken into account. Here we note that it is impossible to prevent the disease, but it can proceed asymptomatic for a long time, so people from risk groups should pay special attention to this side of their health.
Heredity and genes. Perhaps susceptibility to diabetes is transmitted from parents at least the risk of the disease above in children of diabetics, as well as people, sister or brother of which are sick-type diabetes.
Consultation of the gynecologist's doctor on the topic "GSD" is given exclusively for reference purposes. Following the consultation received, please consult a doctor, including to identify possible contraindications. The answer is published on January 22, 2015
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