The unemployed mother gets the same payments for children as a working woman, the main difference is only maternity benefits, as well as the amount of child care benefits.
From June 1, 2020, the minimum size of a monthly care allowance for the first child under 1.5 years for non-working citizens will increase from 3,375.77 to 6,752 rubles.
In addition, the maximum benefit size increases for those who remained without work during the maternity leave, from 6 thousand rubles to 13,504 rubles.
By contacting the medical organization and putting up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, the unemployed woman can count on a one-time social payment.
For some regions of the Russian Federation, an increase in the raising coefficient is on which this payment is increasing.
The size of a one-time benefit at the birth of a child from February 1, 2020 to January 31, 2021 is 18,004,12 rubles. Depending on the region of residence there is an increase in the coefficient. At the birth of twins or triple - the manual is paid for every child.
If the future mother has lost its work within 12 months before the day of exit to maternity leave, it can get a manual, the amount of which from February 1, 2020 to January 31, 2021 is 675.15 rubles. The payment of benefits is engaged in OSN, while the woman should be registered at the employment center.
- We expect the appearance of twins in our family. Of course, we are interested in the existing directions of state support for families with children. Is the maternity capital at the birth of twins? What size is it paid? What payments still rely parents after the birth of twins?
- Yes, you are laid maternity capital. Since 2020, he is paid at the birth of the first child, and when the second appears, it is accrued in an increased amount. There are other help from the state.
The program has decided to extend at least until the end of 2026. In addition to prolongation of the timing of its action, a circle of possible recipients of the certificate was expanded. Now it is available after the appearance of the first child. Changes on the founded-based "rear number" - from January 2020.
From the moment of confirmation of the fact of pregnancy, a woman has the right to benefits. It is supposed to pay benefits, facilitating the working conditions and other labor guarantees, issuing a generic certificate, a number of other federal and regional benefits. A document confirming the right to benefits is a certificate of pregnancy from the female consultation.
To get the right to pregnancy benefits, a woman should register in the female consultation. To financial (monetary) benefits for pregnant women belongs:
1. A lump sum allowance for registration in women's consultation in early pregnancy (up to 12 weeks) is appointed under Art. 9 of Federal Law No. 81-FZ in the amount of 675 rubles. 15 kopecks;
2. Payment of maternity leave at the time of maternity leave - is paid in the amount of complete earnings for working women (Art. 14 of Law No. 255-FZ) or in the amount of 675 rubles. 15 kopecks for the unemployed (order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation No. 1012 N);
3. The issuance of a generic certificate for making medical services for pregnancy and childbirth is issued in the amount of 12 thousand rubles. In accordance with the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation No. 701.
4. For pregnant wives of a serviceman for a call, there is a special benefit. After sending a recruit to the army, a woman will receive a one-time allowance 28511.40 rubles.
Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation No. 662 identified a list of free medical services and drugs that are put on pregnant women. In particular, to support the health of a woman and the future child, folic acid, polyvitamins, vitamin E, potassium iodide, iron should be released for free. The list of free medical services includes neonatal screening to 5 congenital diseases, ultrasound of the fetus, full planned medical examinations, research for the presence of bacteria and microorganisms. You can use these benefits in women's consultation and clinic at the site of the registry.
Working woman can get a tax deduction for childbirth in a paid clinic. The maximum amount of the amount for deduction is 120,000 rubles per year. The costs for deduction include medical advice, diagnostic research, treatment in outpatient and stationary conditions, objects and sanatorium-resort treatment. The amount of deduction is not limited if the childbirth passed with complications, for example, the mother was made caesarean section.
Unfortunately, not every employer with doubtful care and attention refers to the special position of its subordinates, so you need to know your labor rights and benefits to future mothers.
The employer has no right to not accept the future mother to work, motivating the refusal to its interesting position (Art. 64 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation (TC RF)). And adopting, cannot establish a trial period (Article 70 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).
If the work of the future mother is dangerous or harmful, it should be translated into more comfortable areas. And if a woman is hard to cope with her duties, then after the statement written by it, it is obliged to translate to more easy work or reduce the rules of development - with the preservation of the average earnings (part 1 of Art.
254 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, Part 3 of Art. 254 Tk RF). The future mother can even qualify for a short-range working day or an incomplete week, but this is already a proportional decline in income (Art. 93 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).
By the way, from the very beginning of pregnancy, it should be transferred to work that is not related to the use of a computer (or at least limit contact with this technique 3 hours a day). With copying technology, women in position are generally prohibited (P. 13. 2 SanPine 2. 2. 2/2. 4. 1340-03 of 30. 06. 2003).
There are also such benefits about which a few and even fewer future mothers were able to use them. Nevertheless, the state has established the opportunity for pregnant women:
If you register for women's advice before the 12th week of pregnancy, then during the year after the birth of the child you can get 543 rubles 67 kopecks. For the payment of this one-time allowance, it is necessary with a certificate from the consultation to go to work or in the social insurance fund. Disabled mothers - to social protection authorities. Muscovites, who, for account until the 20th week of pregnancy, also relies and regional payouts - 600 rubles.
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