With the onset of 2 trimester, the so-called "golden mean" pregnancy occurs. This period is considered relatively calm and safe. The future mother was already accustomed to his new position, the hormones raging at the beginning of pregnancy, retreated toxicosis, and the teen tummy still does not give a lot of trouble and brings only the joy of the upcoming motherhood, because in the middle of the second trimester, mommy will feel the first fetal chapels.
By this term, the future kid has been grooming well, now he actively begins to gain weight and take the nutrients necessary for him, so during this period, as before, it is important to eat right and diverse, to spend a lot of time on fresh Air and adhere to recommendations characteristic of 2 trimester. In this article, let's talk about everything important that you need to know the future mommy on this period.
Second trimester - how many months and weeks in it? The second trimester includes the Iacuster month of pregnancy. Total second trimester lasts from 14 to 26 week. Recall that the term of pregnancy is calculated in the obstetric months, each of which includes exactly 4 weeks, but some months have full 5 weeks, so the pregnancy lasts 10 obstetric months, or 40 weeks, which corresponds to 9 calendar months.
We also note that obstetric period differs from the embryonic for two weeks due to the fact that it is quite difficult to determine the exact date of ovulation and the day of conception, so gynecologists are counting against pregnancy from the first day of the last menstruation. We talked more about this in the article about
After three months of the gestational period in the body of a pregnant woman, many organs and systems rebuilt under the growing needs of the fetus. Part of these changes occurs unnoticed for a woman, some changes were expected, and it is carried out well enough, something causes problems.
increase the mammary glands. Hormonal transformations had its effect on the chest, starting from the first trimester. Now the mammary glands have increased significantly in the amount, an venous mesh appeared on them, the nipples sometimes stand out, the nipples were distinguished, the nipples darkened, their diameter increased. To prepare the breasts to the upcoming breastfeeding, it is necessary to carefully rub the nipple with a terry towel, leave the dairy glands for some time outdoors. The bra must maintain chest reliably, it is selected in size, giving preference to natural tissues.
Increasing the abdomen. At the beginning of the second trimester, the thighs and waist increases slightly, but by the end of this period the mobility of a pregnant woman due to the growing abdomen will significantly decrease. To facilitate the state, wearing antenatal bandage.
Training contractions. At the bottom of the abdomen from time to time, stretching painless sensations, ill-false contractions appear. They are not accompanied by pain, during these fights of the uterus, as it were, "mantle" becomes dense. So she is preparing for the upcoming birth. False contractions do not harm the fetus.
Pigment stains and skin darkening. On the skin of the face and neck during pregnancy, pigmentation appears, which after childbirth disappears. In the second trimester, it becomes darker strip of leather from the pubic to the navel, as well as the skin of the crotch. This is due to the increased secretion of melanin.
Stry (stretch marks) on the chest and on the stomach. Pinkish-red skin defects, the appearance of which is sometimes accompanied by itching, occurs during intensive growth of tissues. Over time, they become paler, or disappear at all. To prevent the appearance of stretch marks, you can lubricate the skin with olive or almond oil, moisturizing cream from a series of pharmacy cosmetics.
dizziness. Such a symptom of 2 trimester is associated with arterial hypertension, when the total volume of circulating blood in the body of the future mother is significantly increasing, and due to the action of progesterone, the tone of blood vessels is reduced. To prevent such vascular pathologies, it is impossible to dramatically get up from the position lying, it is desirable to rest more rest, observe the drinking mode.
snoring and bleeding gums. The swelling and looseness of the mucous membranes due to the increased volume of blood circulation leads to the fact that the mucous membrane of the sky and larynx increases in size, which leads to a snoring. For the same reasons, the oral mucosa swells and breaks down, the gums softened and become coolest, bleeding.
shortness of breath. The need to carry with the help of blood increased amount of oxygen to the placenta, participates the intensity of exhalations and breaths. In addition, the increased uterus affects the diaphragm, lifting it and the respiratory system up from the usual position. So that such changes less often led to shortness of breath, you should often walk, to air the room where the woman is located.
The conditional division of pregnancy for three periods - trimester - based on fundamental differences and in the development of the fetus, and in the sensations of a woman at different stages of to wear. The second trimester is characterized by the development of the fetus of all systems laid in the first trimester and the relatively calm self-witting of the mother. All unpleasant, but quite physiological phenomena (toxicosis, pain and inconvenience caused by a great abdomen, etc.) come to the beginning and end of pregnancy; At the same time, the future mother is expecting such pleasant things as the clarification of the floor of the child, the first shocks, a pleasant rounding of the tummy.
Doctors obstetrician gynecologists in their work prefer to calculate the terms of pregnancy exclusively in weeks, and not in months or trimesters, as ordinary people are used to this. The thing is that division for months and trimesters is very conditional. So, the second trimester, judging by the information from different sources, has a very blurry framework. Most often, the 14th week of pregnancy appears as the lower border, while the pregnancy of the early term, doctors take up to 12 weeks of to wear. The upper boundary is determined even less clearly - about half of the sources indicates the 27th week, as much as the 26th.
Due to the fact that no diagnostic role is not playing the allocation of the second trimester, the clarity of the deadlines here is probably not needed. At the same time, the approximate frame of the trimester should know each pregnant woman - it is often that one or another drug is allowed from the second trimester, and some again become prohibited to the third trimester.
So it was in the second trimester that most future mothers have an intensive growth of the abdomen. If, as of the beginning of the trimester, the surroundings did not notice it at all, then by the end - the pregnancy is no longer hidden.
There are pregnant women who are on the onset of the second trimester - their pregnancy proceeds easily, at ease, without any particular feelings. But, according to statistics, 8 out of 10 women still observes toxicosis, and therefore the majority still awaits the onset of the second trimester as salvation. The second third of the baby tooling usually brings relief.
In order to make it convenient to count the term of pregnancy, in the past century in obstetrics, the concept of "trimester" was introduced. There are three of all three, each of them is equal to three months. The second trimester begins with 14 weeks of pregnancy and completes 27 weeks inclusive. If we count on weeks, then it is 14 weeks if the woman is familiar with the month, then the second trimester covers the fourth, the fifth and sixth month of pregnancy and slightly captures the seventh.
From the point of view of doctors, this is a period of system genesis, when the child is actively tuned to the full work of all organism systems. Obstechers call the second trimester of medium fetal (fruit).
Women almost unanimously call this period "Golden Time" - torment, troubles and excitement of the first third of the length of the baby, the babe already remained behind, the main dangers and risks for the fetus were also passed, but at the same time before the birth quite a long time. Wearing pregnancy is not difficult yet, Nazezhell - the baby is not so great so that Mom can experience physical inconvenience. On the other hand, the crumble is no longer so small, and it is during this period that the woman is setting up with him the first contact - catches his movements and learns to guess his mood and condition.
The baby is no longer that perceived to the negative impact of the outside, now it is under a reliable protection of the formed and current placenta, it opens up new opportunities for the future mother - some drugs that have been banned in the first trimester are allowed.
Fruit from 14 weeks is growing not so intensively, as it was at the beginning of pregnancy, and changes in its body are no longer so large-scale. The first place comes the weight set - it is very important for its viability. The accumulation of subcutaneous fatty tissue will not only allow the child to look like a pretty baby and gain weight, but also give the opportunity to independently hold the heat of its own body so that the systemic hypothermia does not occur.
The hearts of the crumbs knocks rhythmically, clearly, pumping up to 24 liters of blood, but still the load on its departments is uneven: the right side works more actively than the left. The left departments are equal to the right only by the end of the term of the intrauterine development, when the placenta is also a blood flow, it will not be so intense. Up to 50% of the total blood of the kid goes to the brain, the rest comes on the aorta to the lower part of the baby's body.
The second trimester of pregnancy begins with 13 weeks of pregnancy and continues until the end of the 27th. In obstetric practice, it is also called the "golden period" - the toxicosis stops pregnant, the mood is improving. The belly grows noticeably, but it still does not prevent freely move. Doctors consider this time the most suitable for the arrangement of the children's room and the purchase of things for the kid.
On July 14-16, the formation of the placenta is completed in the mother's body, which takes the lead in the development of pregnancy hormones. Hormonal background stabilizes, so, most likely, you will feel better. We will go to the past nausea, vomiting and feeling of faintness in the morning.
To ensure normal growth and development of the fetus, in the second trimester, the maternal organism continues to intensively increase the volume of circulating blood. The heart goes to the enhanced operation mode - the pulse rate in pregnant women increases to 80-90 beats per minute. Due to the increased amount of fluid, the sweating is enhanced and the number of vaginal discharge is increasing. These changes are harmless, although they will require more frequent hygienic procedures from you.
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